Name: Lieutenant General Posthumous S. Parman
Born: Wonosobo, Central Java, August 4, 1918
Last Public Education: School of Medicine (did not graduate)
Other Education: Kenpei Kasya Butai
Army Education: Military Police School, USA.
Work Experience: Bureau Kenpeitai
– In 1964, Assistant Minister / Commander of the Army (Men / Army Commander)
– In 1959, Indonesian military attache in London
– The staff at the Ministry of Defence
– March 1950, Chief of Staff, G
– December 1949, Chief of Staff of the Military Governor of Jakarta.
– In 1945, Chief of Staff of the Military Police Headquarters (PT) in Yogyakarta
– People’s Security Army (TKR)
Signs Respect: Heroes of the Revolution
Died: Jakarta, October 1, 1965
Buried: Kalibata Heroes Cemetery in Jakarta
Lt.. Posthumous Siswondo Parman was born in Wonosobo, Central Java, August 4, 1918. He is one of the seven heroes of the revolution and PKI depicting victims. Men born in Wonosobo, Central Java is an intelligence officer, so much to know about the secret activities of the PKI that is why he is one among the officers who rejected the plan to form the Fifth Force PKI consisting of workers and peasants. Rejection makes hostility and murder victims PKI. Who had attended general education level is elementary school, middle school, and the School of Medicine. But before completing his doctor, the Japanese army had occupied the Republic that a medical degree was not until he has made.
After not being able to continue medical school, he had worked at the Bureau Kenpeitai. There he was suspected of Japan so arrested, but was soon released. After that, he instead was sent to Japan for education on Kenpei Kasya Butai. Upon his return to his homeland again to work on Kempeitai Bureau.Beginning his career in the military starts by following the People’s Security Army (TKR) is an Indonesian Army was formed after the proclamation of independence. At the end of bulanDesember, in 1945, he was appointed Chief of Staff of the Military Police Headquarters (PT) in Yogyakarta.
During the Dutch Military Aggression II, he also fought with a guerrilla war. In December 1949 he was assigned as Chief of Staff of the Military Governor of Jakarta. One success when it was unpacked secret Army movement Ratu Adil (APRA), which will conduct its operations in Jakarta under the leadership Westerling. Subsequently, in March 1950, he was appointed Chief of Staff G. And a year later sent to the United States for his education at the Military Police School.
Upon his return from the United States, he was assigned to the Ministry of Defence for a while and then was appointed Military Attache RI in London in 1959. Next five years, ie in 1964, he was assigned as Assistant Minister / Commander of the Army (Men / Army Commander) with the rank of Major General. While serving Assistant Minister / Commander of the Army (Men / Army Commander), the effect of PKI is also emerging in Indonesia. The Communist Party is to feel close to the President and most of the people had been affected. However, as an intelligence officer, S. Parman previously had a lotknow the secret activities of the Communist Party. So when the Communist Party proposed that the workers and peasants armed or called by the Fifth Force. He along with most other Army officers rejected the proposal containing the hidden intent. On the basis of that then himself despised by the PKI.
So the rebellion launched by PKI dated 30 September 1965, he became one of the targets to be kidnapped and killed. And on October 1, 1965 morning, Lieutenant. TNI Posthumous S. Parman along with six other officers that Gen.. Posthumous TNI Achmad Yani; Lieutenant. Posthumous TNI Suprapto; Lieutenant. Posthumous TNI M.T. Haryono; Major General. Posthumous TNI D.I. Panjaitan; Major General. Posthumous TNI Sutoyo S, and Capt. Pierre Tendean Czi Posthumous successful military kidnapped then murdered and his body was blindly inserted into the old well in the Crocodile Hole without humanely.
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Crocodile Hole WellsS. Parman died as heroes of the revolution to defend Pancasila. Together with six other officers he was buried in the Garden of Eating Heroes Kalibata. Previous rank of Major General was then raised one level to Lieutenant General in recognition of his services.
Miracle Pancasila MonumentTo commemorate the heroes, the New Order government ditetapkanlah October 1 each year as well as Pancasila Miracle Day as a national holiday. And in the Crocodile Hole, East Jakarta, in front of the old well where the body was found, built monument to the background is a statue of the seven heroes of the revolution. Miracle Tugu monument called Pancasila.
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